4. Future thinking is future trashing
Solve the problem at hand. Don't think "We can do this in a more general way and, in the future, it will be easier to add more". Adding more will never come and you'll have to deal with a pile of trash.
Solve one problem, then solve the next. A patter of problem will emerge -- or not.
6 3/3. Good languages come with integrated documentation
If the language comes with its own way of documenting functions/classes/modules/whatever and it comes with even the simplest doc generator, you can be sure all the language things and libraries will have a good documentation.
But languages with no integrated documentation will most of the time have bad documentation.
8. A language is much more than a language
A programming language is that thing that you write and make things "go". But it has much more beyond special words: It has a build system, it has a dependency control system, it has a way of making tools/libraries/frameworks interact, it has a community, it has a way of dealing with people.
Don't pick languages just 'cause they easier to use.
11. You're responsible for the use of your code
This is hard. Very very hard. It's the difference between "freedom" and "responsibility".
There is nothing wrong in writing, for example, a software to capture people's faces and detect their ethnicity, but you have to think about what that will be used on.
@juliobiason Much of cargo-culting is:
1. Ignorance of true meaning or mechanism expressed as mimicking a form or pattern.
2. Signalling membership within a specific group or tribe.
3. A response to fear and lack of understanding by management or clients of meaning or mechanism, by mimicking a form or pattern.
There's a strong similarity to this and fads and fashions generally, in an information-theoretic fashion. Not specifically mentioned here, but similar idea:
Generalistic and moderated instance.