In 1299 an edict was issued in Florence forbidding bankers to use Arabic numerals, and Roman numerals are still widely used especially for ceremonial purposes.70 Continued use of Newton’s notation by English mathematicians throughout the eighteenth century, and even by many English writers on mechanics today, while the French and German mathematicians usually employed that of Leibnitz, created a barrier between English and Continental mathematics....
-- Bernhard J Stern
ẍ is the second derivative of x, normally with respect to t. ẋ is the first derivative.
@dredmorbius I sometimes ponder trying to troll the far right into boycotting Muslim Arabic numerals in all their communications in order to show the superiority of European culture.
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